Q2: His Royal Highness has deep respect for other Royalties as well. He wants to know if you share his feelings. What is the name of the British royal family?
A2: The royal family of the United Kingdom is the Windsor House.
The Orange-Nassau family is from Holland, the Habsburgs ruled the Habsburg Empire (Austro-Hungarian Empire), while the House of Tudor was definitely an English royal house, but they did extinct in 1603.
Q3: His Royal Highness knows how hard it is to keep an empire together. How many countries are in the UK?
A3: There are four countries in the United Kingdom.
England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.
Q4: He wants to know more. Which country is not part of the UK?
A4: Ireland is not part of the United Kingdom.
Q5: You must care about your people. What was the population of England in 2016?
A5: The population of England (not the United Kingdom) was 54,786,300 so around 55 million.
Q6: Legends and royal stories are also important. Who was the famous king who pulled out the sword Excalibur from the stone?
A6: According to the legend, King Arthur pulled out Excalibur from the stone and united the kingdom.
Q7: Love is complicated. How many wives did King Henry the VII have?
A7: King Henry the VIII had 6 wives, namely:
Catherine of Aragon
Anna of Cleves
Q8: Money matters. What is the official currency of the United Kingdom?
A8: The official currency of the United Kingdom is the Pound Sterling.
The Euro is used in most of the European Union member states, the British Dollar never existed, and the Penny is only a decimal coinage of the Pound Sterling (which is actually the oldest and still official currency in the world).
Q9: You must learn. Which was the first university in England?
A9: The first university in England was the University of Oxford, followed by the University of Cambridge. The Imperial College of London and King’s College are both prestigious universities, but those were established significantly later in time.
Q10: Nice! When was it exactly?
A10: The University of Oxford was established in 1096.
Q11: You know a lot! Which country was never part of the British Empire?
A11: While of course, the whole USA has never been part of the British Empire, the original 13 colonies were indeed British. India was under British rule from 1612 to 1947. Singapore was also part of the British Empire from 1946 to 1963.
Vietnam has never been occupied by the British, instead, they were fighting several wars with the French for their freedom.
Map of the British Empire
Q12: Wars can last very long. But how long did exactly "the 100 years’ war" last?
A12: Despite its name, It took exactly 116 years to resolve the conflict between France and England.
Q13: Remember, remember the fifth of November... But what exactly happened on the fifth of November?
A13: The fifth of November may sound familiar to many of you, but what exactly happened on the fifth of November?
“Guy Fawkes Night, also known as Guy Fawkes Day, Bonfire Night and Firework Night, is an annual commemoration observed on 5 November, primarily in Great Britain. Its history begins with the events of 5 November 1605, when Guy Fawkes, a member of the Gunpowder Plot, was arrested while guarding explosives the plotters had placed beneath the House of Lords. Celebrating the fact that King James I had survived the attempt on his life, people lit bonfires around London, and months later the introduction of the Observance of 5th November Act enforced an annual public day of thanksgiving for the plot's failure.”
Nowadays Guy Fawkes Night(and Day, the 5th of November) is a national celebration.
Q14: But... who was that Guy Fawkes?
A14: "Guy Fawkes (/ˈɡaɪ ˈfɔːks/; 13 April 1570 – 31 January 1606),[a] also known as Guido Fawkes, the name he adopted while fighting for the Spanish, was a member of a group of provincial English Catholics who planned the failed Gunpowder Plot of 1605."
So, basically, he was a conspirator, he aimed to kill the King and blow up the British Parliament.
Q15: London is a famous city, but how many times was this famous city the host of the Olympic Games?
A15: London was the host of the modern Olympic Games three times. Precisely in
Q16: History is not everything. How many members did the famous British pop group Spice Girls have?
A16: Well, the Spice Girls had five members
Q17: And... if we are already talking about music, where are the Beatles from?
A17: The Beatles are from Liverpool and they are still the biggest stars of the city. Even the Liverpool International Airport is named after John Lennon.
Q18: You must know John Lennon then...where was his wife from?
A18: John Lennon’s (ex)wife, Yoko Ono is from Japan.
Q19: You have to read a lot if you want to master a language. Who is the author of the Harry Potter books?
A19: The Harry Potter books were written by J.K. Rowling.
She may be the most popular among these great authors, but let’s not forget about them either.
J.R.R Tolkien wrote (among many other books) The Lord of Rings trilogy, William Shakespeare is well-known for his dramas and may not require any introduction, while George Orwell is the author of maybe the best dystopian book, 1984.
Q20: What is the codename of the famous British secret agent James Bond?
A20: James Bond is, of course, the agent 007.
Q21: You are close, prove your language skills! What would you grab if you wanted to go shopping in England?
A21: Traditionally you would get a trolley (British English) instead of a cart (American English).
Q22: Would you catch a taxi or a cab in London?
A22: Cabs are in New York (American), while taxis(English) are in London (among many other cities).
Q23: Would you go to a bar or a pub in England?
A23: In England, you would go to a pub. Definitely.
Q24: In England would you use the lift or the elevator?
A24: Lift is British English, while the elevator is American English.
Q25: In England would you rather play football or soccer?
A25: This is a sensitive one, in Europe (and the United Kingdom) people say only football and some of them may even get offended by the American word “soccer”.
Q26: Almost there. Which one is the correct spelling?
A26: This is easy to miss, but the correct order is “ei”, so receive.
Q27: Which one is the correct spelling?
A27: Its “jewelry” with only one L.
Q28: Which one is the correct spelling?
A28: The simplest, “argument”, don’t make things more complicated than they are already.
Q29: Which one is the correct spelling?
A29: Separate, just like the last one, simple is the best (sometimes).
Q30: Which one is the correct spelling?
Q30: Different, with double “F”.